The Akohekohe is Critically Engandered on the IUCN Red List. It is endemic to the island Maui in Hawaii. There are 3,800 individual Akohekohe birds on the island of Maui. The habitat it inhabits is the trees called acacia koa. Akohekohe lived in the east side of Moloka’i. The bird was common on both islands until the start of the 20th century. It was thought to be extinct after that, until in 1945 a few individuals were found in a reserve in Maui. The population continues to decrease due to deforestation, rats which attack adult and chicks/eggs, another threat was because of the Akohekohe’s unusual appearance, it made it a bird for collectors to have, the last two threats are mosquitoes and invasive birds. There are now fences keeping out feral ungulates (pigs and goats). A captive breeding programme has started with 6 eggs already hatching. There has been a project (starting in 2013) in which they are observing the behaviour of the Akohekohe.